Personal Protective Measures

What is Personal Protective Measures?

In our world today, we are surrounded by those who would do us harm. You see it almost daily in the news, not just in the big cities, but right in our own hometown.  The purpose of the Personal Protective Measures Program is to help educate and better prepare you to survive an violent attack.

We will help you learn…
•       Fear Management, Breaking the “Freeze”
•       Identify Your “Flinch” Response
•       Survive Initial Attack, Going to the Ground
•       Situational Assessments, Plan and Act
•       Defend Against Common Street Attacks
•       With and without Weapons and Much More!

This comprehensive program will prepare you for all kinds of situations. The 8 modules each build upon one another as you progress into the program. All training is done in a safe and professional environment. Martial Arts experience is NOT required, as this program was designed and intended for all individuals to learn. There are no complex techniques or terminology to learn, so all your focus will be on effective execution with a goal of getting to a safe place, fast.

Personal Protective Measures is a comprehensive form of modern combatives for defense and offense. This program focuses on the most essential fundamentals to effectively deal with modern weapons and dangerous situations that you may face in today’s modern context, all the while staying within our legal framework.

History & Development of Personal Protective Measures

Personal Protective Measures is under the international umbrella of the Sentinel International Group.  All Instructor Certification comes from this governing body.  In 1995, Founder Phil Legare started teaching a combatives system, called Protective Measures, to military and government personnel who had to work in high threat areas. The core of the combatives program that he put together came from his actual real world combat experiences with the United States Marine Corps and other government work as well as his extensive training within the Bujinkan, USMC “LINE” close combat system, and Marine Corp Martial Arts Program. Also included were Officer Safety and Survival tactics from his experience as a Department Of Defense Special Agent and training at the FLETC, ITI, BSR, InSight, HRP, and other government sponsored training.   More than 5,000 people have been through this program and we have received numerous testimonials from students that this training saved lives.

Currently there are 2 levels of Personal Protective Measures and another level in development.

Personal Protective Measures Level I

Level I is all defensive tactics. It is divided into 8 modules plus a practical exam. The modules include:

  • Module “0” – Understanding real world violence.  Where and why does it occur? What is Personal Protective Measures? Instilling the Survival mindset. Awareness. Assessing your situation. Breathe, think, act. Getting off the X. Basic defensive and offensive stances, movement, striking and targets.  Using the body’s normal flinch response as a conditioned response to keep you safe.  How to stop the threat from doing what they are doing and moving towards a safe location.  Assess, Plan, Act.
  • Module 1: Ground & Wall Defense – how to survive getting knocked down, protect yourself while on the ground or up against a wall and fight your way to a safe location.
  • Module 2: Defense Against Grabs and Chokes – escaping common scenarios of being grabbed or choked and moving to a safe location.
  • Module 3: Defense Against Blunt Weapons – surviving being attacked with a blunt weapon, such as a ball bat, crow bar, truncheon and the like. Disarm and incapacitate opponent and moving to a safe location.
  • Module 4: Defense Against Edged Weapons, Pre-Contact – surviving being attacked by edged weapons, such as a machete, fixed blade knife and folding knife, disarm and incapacitate opponent and moving to a safe location. Builds on the previous module.
  • Module 5: Defense Against Edged Weapons, On-Contact – surviving being held at knife point, disarm and incapacitate opponent and moving to a safe location. Builds on Module 2.
  • Module 6: Defense Against Firearms – surviving being held at gun point, disarm and incapacitate opponent and moving to a safe location. Builds on Modules 3 and 4.
  • Module 7: Defense Against Multiple Attackers and Improvised Weapons/Tactical Pen – Builds on all modules.
  • Review and Practical Exam: Test what you have learned! Students must satisfactorily complete the Practical Exam in order to be considered for the Personal Protective Measures Instructor Program.

The curriculum is constantly being updated and improved as new information becomes available. This is a dynamic course that adjusts to new threats, new scenarios, and new weapons as they present themselves (the 9-11 attacks were an example of how threats, scenarios, and weapons change in modern times).

Brent Earlewine, David Fetterman and Brian Fine are authorized to teach Personal Protective Measures Level 1. Brent Earlewine and David Fetterman are also PPM II Advanced Edged Weapons Certified as well. 

For course dates in Pittsburgh PA or Bloomsburg PA (or to schedule a Level 1 course out of town or in your own facility), please contact us. Mention Personal Protective Measures Level 1.

Personal Protective Measures Level II

Personal Protective Measures Level II is advanced defensive and offensive combatives. There are currently 5 modules in Level II with a number more under development and/or under contract.

  • Module 1: Tactical flashlight. Use of flashlight in both defense and offense.
  • Module 2: Defensive and offensive use of collapsible baton. Approximately 8 hours to instruct.
  • Module 3: Advanced edged weapons. Defensive and offensive use of folding knives. Approximately 16-20 hours to instruct.
  • Module 4: Advanced defense from multiple, armed attackers. Approximately 4 hours to instruct.
  • Module 5: Transitioning between weapons systems in both defense and offense. Approximately 16-20 hours to instruct.
  • Module 6: Progressive Firearms. Under development. Majority of this module will be outsourced to Phil Legare’s specifications.
  • Module 7: Precision and tactical driving. Under development. Entire course will be outsourced to Phil Legare’s specifications. Currently BSR (Bill Scott Raceway) has a course that meets my specifications called the EST (Executive Security Training) course. ITI (International Traning Institute) has a similar course also called the Operational Security Course.

For info on Personal Protective Measures Level 2 training, please visit Taka-Seigi.com

Good list and great info. Learn it love it live it.•Finding a shooting instructor:
• Read their resume/CV, Are they taking other courses on their own? What is their recent experience? Read course AARs (after action reports)
• Look for instructors certified by www.rangemaster.com
• Fitness and Combatives:
◦ Heart attacks and ass cancer are the most likely things to kill us...
◦ Get into a wrestling, boxing, or Brazilian jiu-jitsu program that has sparring.
◦ Eat less. Calorie counts and intermittent fasting are things.

• Continued Learning Sources (in no particular order)
◦ Active Self Protection Channels
• Don’t get your gun(s) stolen!
◦ The whole point of locking down your guns is to not make it EASY for some asshole to steal them...
◦ Your car is not a holster!
• Your shooting skills:
◦ Build a practice regimen
▪ Masking tape, 3x5 cards and paper plates from Dollar Tree
▪https://www.facebook.com/ATLFirearms/ books are a good place to start
▪ Concealed Carry Skills and Drills www.payloadz.com/go/sip?id=3253233
▪ Indoor Range Practice Sessions www.payloadz.com/go/sip?id=3152223
◦ Basic
▪ Be able to extract, load, and fire your firearm efficiently from storage without time pressure
▪ Properly and consistently align your sights
▪ Get a consistent sight picture (Grip, Stance, Posture - which should be coached before awkward shooting positions like supine)
▪ Demonstrate consistent, controlled trigger manipulation
▪ Repeatable, consistent results slow firing at a static target
▪ Identifying shoot/no-shoot targets
▪ Understand post fight protocols and identify legal justification to engage in lethal force
◦ Intermediate
▪ Drawing and firing from a holster under time pressure
▪ Consistently hitting a target while firing strings of multiple rounds
▪ Reloading your pistol under pressure
▪ Transitioning between weapons or tasks (love the guy who drops his gun and pulls a second gun in the video. Practicing some "reality based" stuff, no doubt)
▪ Identify cover and concealment
▪ Utilize some basic movement while performing the above tasks (including choosing the right posture to move with the gun drawn)
▪ Perform these tasks while using your offhand to call for help, operate a light, or navigate interior spaces while under threat as applicable
◦ Advanced
▪ Navigate gun handling from conversational ranges, to include retention, timing, fending, and integration of empty hand and edged weapons
▪ Apply handgun fundamentals to complex tasks, such as vehicle bailouts, entangled gunfights, shoot/no-shoot drills during Force on Force
▪ Move around non-hostile people with a gun drawn without negligent discharges and while retaining your weapon
▪ Integrate these skills working in pairs or small teams while utilizing good coverage of potential threat areas
▪ Demonstrate an absolute mastery of the tasks above.

• Kydex holsters with soft pull the dot loop attachments to the belt are generally the best inside the waistband holster option
◦ Discreet Carry Concepts Clips are good as well.
◦ Be sure to use blue loctite to secure your holster’s attachment hardware.
◦ We’re cool with:
▪ PHLster, Dark Star Gear , JM Custom Kydex, Raven Concealment Systems, Henry Holsters, Zulu Bravo Kydex, Keepers Concealment, HolsterCo LLC.
• Dumb Holsters and Methods of Carry
◦ Alien Gear Holsters are poorly made and nowhere near worth what they cost.
◦ Fobus is trash
◦ Soft Nylon is trash
◦ Leather is for boomers and quality leather is expensive. Kydex does it better and cheaper.
◦ Hybrid holsters suck
◦ SERPAs are trash
◦ The T-Rex SideCar and other holsters with a mag pouch molded into the same hunk of kydex as the holster are sub-optimal kydex chastity belts for several reasons:
▪ The design creates additional points of stress on the kydex which increases the risk of the holster breaking.
▪ They are often sold with plastic clips that can break
▪ The PHLster Flex Users Group does everything a SideCar does, but does it better and with more modularity.
◦ Gun Car Magnet Mounts, Car-mounted holsters & Unnecessary Off Body Carry & Needless Gun Handling are dumb
▪ The gun can be drawn from your holster while seated...
▪ Constantly taking a loaded gun in and out of the holster during the day is dumb and raises your risk of having a negligent discharge
▪ Unnecessarily stowing the gun off-body in a glove box or under a car seat or elsewhere in the car invites trouble:
• Cases in point:
◦ Purse Carry thanks to Melody Lauer / Limatunes and Lucky Gunner Ammo
◦ Lethal Lace is garbage.
◦ Urban Carry Holster: A Wretched, Pulsating Ball of Suck and Fail
◦ Open Carry
◦ VersaCarry
▪ Clip is easily breakable, doesn’t secure to the belt and the trigger is not fully covered.
◦ Pepper gel sucks. It takes too long to take effect.
◦ POM Industries and Sabre Red are the strongest sprays on the market right now.
◦ Fox Labs and Defense Technologies come in 2nd and 3rd place.
◦ The Flip top model container is much better than the twist top safety model because it is less likely to discharge in your pants. At this this point, I'm recommending POM industries because they are not trying to make every civilian flip top model they sell a gel model.

• AR-15 selection
◦ When putting a 5.56 AR together, don’t get an upper with a barrel less than 10” as they tend to be unreliable
◦ Palmetto State Armory (PSA) and Anderson are cheap meme-tier trash with poor quality control
◦ Bravo Company USA, SIONICS Weapon Systems, Knight's Armament Company, or Sons Of Liberty GunWorks are generally good places to start.
◦ Before their owner had a cuck out on bump stocks, Daniel Defense was as well.
• AK-47 Selection
◦ IO Inc and Century RAS-47’s are meme-tier trash
◦ Historically Century Arms AK rifles have been 50/50 in terms of quality and you often end up having to dremel things (trigger
◦ Arsenal, Krebs Custom, and Rifle Dynamics are the only companies that make a decent AK nowadays
• Rifle Ammunition
◦ Start reading this www.ar15.com/ammo/project/Self_Defense_Ammo_FAQ
◦ 5.56
▪ A lot of this depends on what your AR-15’s barrel twist is.
▪ Federal Fusion MSR 64 grain plated soft points are good to go.
◦ 7.62x39
▪ 7.62x39 and 5.45x39 don’t have anywhere near as many options for good defensive ammo as 5.56 does
▪ Jacketed Soft Points
▪ Hornady V-MAX
• Red Dot Optics
◦ AimPoint PRO will give you the least amount of headaches for a reasonable price
◦ EOTechs are overpriced trash compared to AimPoint and Trijicon

• Flashlights
◦ For any guns intended for home defense, flashlights are an absolute necessity. Shooting your own kid because you blindly fired before identifying your target is dumb.
▪ SureFire mounted lights are great for extended use and flexing on poors.
▪For the sake of finding a good compatible holster, the only pistol WMLs I currently recommend are the SureFire X300U and the Streamlight TLR-1 HL
◦ EDC Flashlights
▪ I’m a bit more brand agnostic regarding handheld flashlights.
▪ SureFire, LLC EDCL2-T is currently one of the best options on the market right now
▪ Streamlight ProTac HL-X is fine as well amzn.to/2Qoulez
▪ Fenix PD35 is a less expensive but decent option for you poors.
▪ I'm also a fan of Nitecore Store's keychain lights.

• Pistol Ammunition
◦ Federal Premium HST, Speer Gold Dot, or Hornady Critical Duty for EDC
◦ G2 RIP is trash

• Shotgun Ammunition
◦ Just use Federal Flite Control 00 8 pellet Buckshot
▪ The reason 8 pellet is preferred is because that 9th pellet always wanders off from the rest of the pellets in a shot grouping.

• Shotgun Recommendations
◦ The Magpul SGA stock is awesome.
◦ Pistol grip stocks on shotguns are suboptimal compared to the SGA
◦ Pre-2008 Remington 870s are generally OK but keep a spare parts kit if you shoot it a lot.
◦ Mossberg 590A1 is OK but may have spotty quality control, so keep a spare parts kit if you shoot it a lot
◦ Beretta 1301 is awesome
• Pistol Recommendations
◦ Glock 17 or 19
▪ Most aftermarket support for holsters, cheap magazines, and parts availability
◦ Smith and Wesson M&P Series
▪ Aftermarket support for holsters, cheap magazines, and parts availability
◦ HK VP-9 or P30 series

• Guns/things we will probably make fun of you for unironically owning 🙂
◦ Mini-14
◦ Taurus judge
◦ .40 caliber pistols
◦ Springfield XDs
◦ Ruger pistols
◦ Taurus pistols
◦ Shockwave and TAC-14 “shotguns” in their stock configuration

• Sights and Gun Parts and Accessories
◦ Trijicon HD night sights are awesome
◦ Fiber optics are generally fine
◦ XS Big Dots Suck
▪ Identify any known competitive shooter or trainer (that's not Yeager or a surrogate of his) that uses them.
▪ Why does no one whose livelihood depends on speed and accuracy, often down to tiny fractions of seconds (aka pro shooters) use them?
▪ Sage Dynamics study where Big Dot users did not perform any better in FoF than traditional iron sight users did.
▪ Try to pass "The Test" or a Super Test with them
◦ Glock factory sights suck
◦ ZEV Products suck
◦ Punisher anything on a gun is lame

• Tactical Medicine
◦ Pressure Bandages and hemostatic agents
▪ The PHLster PEW makes carrying bandages and whatnot a lot easier.
◦ Tourniquets
▪ Just use the CAT or SOF-T Wide.
• Here is why:
◦ And yes those Tourniquets work on children
▪ RATS Tourniquet and elastic tourniquets are suboptimal trash
▪ non-TCCC approved tourniquets should not be trusted.
• Any non-CAT or SOFT-T-Wide tourniquet less than $30 shouldn’t be trusted
◦ Those are generally cheap knockoffs of the CAT

• “Big Boy Rules” and pointing live guns at students during training
◦ What actual value does a student get for such a serious risk?
◦ There's this one, again where a real gun was used when it shouldn't have been.
◦ And of course this one...

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Pittsburgh Personal Protective Measures

Are you Prepared? Take an active role in your own personal self defense. Sign up for our next seminar on Wednesday April 22nd at the 5.11 store on McKnight Road.
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When the Time Comes, Be Prepared!